Are you a rookie in web designing? Then this complete fundamental guide will make you ready to handle your initial project.

Web design is a tough component of the web development process. If you are keen to know about web design, then we think you indeed have an innovative streak. And what reason could be to not get thrilled about getting and building your first website ever? We all know web designing is all about creating a functional piece of art. However, where to begin with and the real question is what you require to know before heading further. Here we have this complete fundamental guide to help you out.

Elementary Guide To Web Designing

A Comprehensive Guide to Web Design Special For Rookies. You are at the right place to learn the basic fundamentals of web designing.

Understanding the Nitty- Gritty About Web Designing

1. You have to pick something basic for your initial design

It looks like a cakewalk, correct? But there are times we can get over-enthusiastic and finish up with disappointment. So, for your initial project, it’s a superb idea to pick something easy and a little fun. An E-Commerce website is a bit more complex and would be suitable to handle once you have gained experience.

It’s overt that a blog is an excellent platform, to begin with. You will learn good design skills along with how exactly a Content Management System (CMS) runs, which will be significant to understand for your upcoming website designs. The best thing is you don’t have to begin from scratch here as you will be getting a plethora of blog templates that will turn it simple for you to put one together.

Templates are a helpful tool for learning and seeing the way CSS, HTML, and JavaScript components are styles and integrated will provide you a deeper view into what exactly makes a design work. You can choose some templates as a brick to make a few alterations and customizations.

Maybe you don’t wish to commence a blog- why not begin it extracting from your innovative hunts or hobbies. What say about developing a showcase for your photography skills or your set of short stories? Building a design to display a passion of yours will make your initial project fun.

2. Get motivated by other designers

There are a plethora of websites with splendid designs that must have wowed you. To start with, you can make an inspiration document with some links to websites you like, or you can bookmark them as well. However, Pinterest is a platform to get a creative website design for you. Here, you can find several pins graphics, posters, covers, blogs, and other sorts of design work that you can refer to.

You must have heard from the designers the term “mood board” for their collections. Mood boards are a fleet reference resource if you find yourself stuck somewhere which you will.

Apart from all the discoveries that you create on your own, the following are some well-formed collections that you should lookout.

  • Awwwards comes up with some forever fresh stuff that you are looking for with a great variety of themed collections.
  • Behance is indeed a splendid collection of website design work, where the entire focus is on innovation and quality.
  • Dribbble is individual designer-centric and offers a forum to get good feedback and communicate with others regarding their work.

3. Search for more sources outside the web

You can get inspiration from almost everywhere you want. Web design is notified by a visual language that can be seen everywhere, like a graphic novel’s cover. So, build an eye for finding a great design and begin analyzing your best why something works well or doesn’t, whatever be the way.

Pay more attention to typography

We often read without even being well-versed with typefaces. Paying a little more attention to their effect type has on as you go through the content. Think is that font on the menu you saw readable? What all turns that hand-lettered sign for a small business work well? We see letters everywhere we go. So, making a not of both good and bad uses of typography would help a lot.

Typewolf is a great source to keep your tabs on famous fonts. It provides a plethora of lists to explore, lookbooks with the best font combinations, a featured website of the day. It is extremely helpful to view exact typography example being employed, and a few websites like Typewolf is a great platform to view their practical applications. So, getting a little more familiar with a variety of fonts will assist you to choose the correct type for your initial website design.

Fine arts is a prominent inspiration

Oh, did we miss out on the whole history section of the art to know about? There are several movements and artists to know about who still form the work of innovation today, those are mainly web designers. Try to discover several monumental artistic masterpieces. They are filled with helpful information and display how content and art can gather along to tell a story. Moreover, knowing more about history will expand your knowledge of design.‍

4. Study different sorts of design

There are various disciplines of design that you should know about. Good knowledge of illustration, product design, and even branding can later build your innovative senses.

For some inspiration that is beyond web designing, Abduzeedo provides great examples. Be it a luggage, poster art, furniture, you will come across great examples of design done correctly. So, be more open to various sorts of design and actively get more inspiration. The more amount of knowledge you have, the simpler it will be to create your initial website. Always remember education creates intuition.

5. Get ready with your content before you begin

Starting with putting a content list tells about having content ready to work with as you begin designing your initial website. It doesn’t have to be great and you can anytime edit and optimize it for Google SEO further. However, having at least a rough content of what will be live for the audience will assist in ensuring the design is made out to support it.

Designing your website with some real content provides you a good display of how the website will appear and work. It also offers you the opportunity to make hefty changes earlier in the process of designing. If you are doing it for blogs, then you will require to have a post ready to first test in the CMS. You should have a bunch of posts already written before you go live and it will save struggling to write something after the fact.

6. Just Keep your design plain and natural

Whether it’s the matter of CTAs, writing, or navigation, no one would wish to struggle with your web design. Your approach for design should be fitted in simplicity and order. There should be some logic that would guide someone via the website with comfort. Moreover, since we are discussing those people who will deal with what you have made, this is a great place to come up with UX.

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7. Understand user experience (UX) basics

A website is not alone a text in space. There are other things as well such as typography, color scheme, layout, content, and imagery all integrated to offer your audience and mix emotion. Some of you might be thinking through the digital space that you have built should have a freeway out from obstacles.

UX mainly puts focus on knowing your audience better. What are they searching for on the web- and how will your design make their work simple? UX is all about reaching your audience and viewing your design through your eyes.

When developing your initial website, keep these guiding UX rules in mind:

  • Turn things easy and intuitive.
  • Communicate all the concepts in a logical succession.
  • Meet all needs of your audience and withstand the temptation to display your skills at the cost of usability.

Knowing about your audience will assist you to build a design that’s made to their wants and requirements.

8. Understand the fundamental of user interface (UI)

If you are new to this field of web design, you might be baffled by the difference between UX and UI that most of us are. Understand that there are two concepts-

Where UX is touched with the whole feel of a design, UI is all about the features. Suppose if you were in an elevator, UI would be the arrangement and size of its floor buttons. While UX would incorporate the textures, colors, and some other interior design options of the elevator space. However, UI is about providing someone the best tools they require to experience your website free from every complexity.

When building your initial website, always keep these UI rules in mind:

  • Interactive components should have obvious functionality.
  • Accord must guide usability and actions should completely follow logical patterns.
  • Create your own choice of design with a clear purpose.

Read: Top 10 App Designing Tools for Developers

Adopt the design principles for guidance to your web design procedure

Anatomy of effective web designing

Practical web designing is well guided by some rules and it’s vital to know primary web design skills before you head further. However, certain prime practices will ease the entire process and provide a more polished end product.


If you wish to build and design your own websites, then knowing a good layout is the key. Our Codersera team recommends you to keep things minimal and work with just a few elements to put focus on better placement. Always think of grids before heading for designing as they align all the elements such as images and div blocks on a web page, in a form that builds order.

Your layout’s structure should completely follow an optical hierarchy. Think of what significant ideas you wish your audience to view and in what order? A visual hierarchy requires to stick to the traditional patterns employ when reading. You will find two paths that usually people follow on the web: the Z-pattern and the F-pattern. Besides, being entirely familiar with how all these patterns work will certainly assist you in planning your own content.

The F-pattern is more popular for designs with solid content blocks. The eyes of your audience will completely check down the left side of a layout until all the things grab their attention and later read from left to right. Just think yourself searching through the menu of a restaurant – you might skip a few bold dishes names situated on the left until you reach to something that catches you, which will eventually develop an urge in you to read the other details demonstrating that particular dish.

There are many people out there who will read through something just like reading a blog in F-pattern. Look at the posts of Nelson Abalos, he has taken advantage of this design technique with bulleted sentences and left-aligned text thereby turning his posts simply to follow and navigate.

The Z-pattern is well connected with a low text-hefty design. Several landing pages adhere to this pattern. Basically, all the main elements on this Conservation guide website stick to the Z-pattern. As a beginner, you will consider this an easy layout trick to assist usability.


You have every color available for you that you wish for. We know that with hefty power arrives hefty responsibility. Your choice of color will decide the good and bad for you. Here comes some great approaches to opting for a good color scheme for your initial website.


Go for a single color as a base, then check for the amount of saturation you want along with darks and lights, and play along with different hues for a standard color scheme. No matter what your niche is, a monochrome website is truly a bold choice. And don’t forget whatever color you opt for the text, just ensure that you consider readability issues too.

So, here we have taken an example from Unique, every section is displayed by a monochromatic color scheme. Besides, there is no need for you to bring this into your early designs, however, it is a great view of their usage of a variety of monochromatic color variations. Moreover, it is a good design trick that turns into a harmonious color scheme.


Choose some opposite colors from the color wheel and integrate them. Seems easy, correct?

Go for complementary colors with due care and here in this design below from the Igninis site, the designer has used orange and blue in various combinations with some grey and whitespace for a better layout that would never tire your eyes. Moreover, this whole contrast seems interesting and crisp.


Webflow arrives with a broad selection of fonts and other options to add on more. Typography is basically a two-dimensional architecture, completely based on imagination and experience along with the guidance of readability and rules. So what rules as a beginner do you require to know?

Typography informs tone

Think of a birthday invitation or any announcement where an elegant typeface would work well but it would not suit better on a few other occasions. So, when you are designing your website, keep the tone in mind whether it’s giving a light vibe such as a food blog, be playful in fonts that make a little sense. However, if you are building a website for a professional firm, then adhere to more professional typefaces.

Also Read | Best UX Design Tools For Web Designers

Serifs versus non-serifs

There’s a basic mistake made by every new designer is to mix up serif and non-serif fonts. The point is the ends of the serif letter have one more extra line or a stroke extended horizontally and vertically.

Following are the differences between PT Serif and PT Sans (without the serif).

PT Serif:
PT Serif

PT Sans:

PT Sans

Serifs are an artifact from a long ago of printing presses. At that time, most of the words we read were printed with ink on paper. There were words anchored in Serif onto the page and turn them simpler to read. When the web had just come, serifs were somewhat ignored by web designers as lower screen resolutions weakened them. Currently, those screens are well optimized for typography with serifs, indeed they have made a comeback.

Those tiny lines make a hefty difference and you will see the above PT Serif typeface look a lot formal and the sans-serif a little loose and light. Serif fonts seem very complex but they are well used in moderation. To put them, choose the headers and hefty blocks of content profit from an easier font without serifs.

Embellishment versus practicality

The rings of a grown font will certainly add personality and charm to a design, however, don’t overuse over-frilly fonts. A website is all about what your audience perceives of it via your content. Moreover, readability is one of a font’s most significant features.

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Typography technicalities

Typography has a lot to tell and as you grow further as a designer, you will require to know how to employ line-height, various weights, kerning in your typography. However, don’t get too caught up in twitching all the difficulties for your initial website. Try to put your focus on ensuring everything is readable and you can experiment with changing the details later on.

Commence designing

All the tutorials you have gone through and research you did are invaluable to your learning. However, you will ultimately require to dig more and get designing. Doesn’t matter if you have made something that no one will ever see, it is still an exercise issue applying and solving what you have acquired.

So, don’t worry if it’s not great, just be proud of passing that origin from aspiring Designer to being one and then you are on your route.

Get feedback

You completed your initial design, well great! You have put in your best efforts and are now ready to display it to the audience. However, before you go live, get some outside viewpoint on what you have created. Getting helpful criticism can be sometimes uncomfortable and building something whether it’s an essay, a website, a painting, is just an act of vulnerability.

The things you showcase to the world define who you are and what all can you bring to the world. It seems like a personal attack if someone corrects you to be better or tells you you are wrong. Feedback is a must in designing and a vital part of the process.

Also Read | Top Essential Extensions For VS Code- Increase Productivity

So, learn how to first set your ego aside from all and separate the feedback from your self-worth. When you start gaining experience, you will be better able to recognize and apply practical and useful feedback. You will get to know that more experienced designers know what it’s like to be fresher and they are all thrilled to view less-experienced designers grow.

Wrapping Up

Gone are the days when you had to learn tough front-end code to develop a website. Earlier, you had to fully rely on a developer to get your designs to life. Now, you can simply design, develop, and launch tough websites in just a few hours with us. You just have to be aware of a few prime concepts, and being able to learn the difference between good and bad design will offer you the confidence and great skills to design your initial website. If you have any questions before you head towards your initial project, jot them down in the comments sections below. Our Codersera team is here to help.


  1. Which is the most common language used in web designing?

    The most common language that is employed in web designing is HTML. Along with HTML being used in creating the layout and website structure, CSS is also used for styling.

  2. Which are top web designing software?

    1. Wix
    2. Webflow
    3. Adobe Dreamweaver
    4. Google Web designer
    5. Weebly
    6. GIMP
    7. Squarespace
    8. Bootstrap Studio

  3. What are the basics of Web design?

    The significant elements of web designing are concise, great navigation, dynamic pages, operational links. Certainly, good spelling and grammar are also there and you need to keep these things in mind as you add graphics and color.

  4. How to start web designing?

    Pick something basic and simple for your initial design.
    Get some inspiration from other designers.
    Search for more sources outside.
    Research deeply about different sorts of design.
    Get your content ready before you head further.
    Make your design a bit simple and intuitive.


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