Best Tools to use for API Testing in 2022

API testing has become indispensable with the rise of cloud applications and interconnected platforms. Many of the services we use daily rely on multiple interconnected APIs so that the entire service will be at the edge of the risk with just one API malfunctioning.

To ensure that APIs perform as expected, it has become essential for developers to conduct API tests. A variety of API testing tools available today can overwhelm you, so how to choose the best tools for API testing?

Don’t worry because we have compiled the top 15 API testing tools that will expedite your work. Let’s recap API and API testing before jumping to detailed comparisons and reviews.

What’s API?

API stands for Application Programming Interface. An API is a software intermediary that allows smooth communication between two applications.

Best-practice-for-API-Testing

APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), are the connecting layer between different layers of an application. Simply put, it acts as a messenger for applications, devices, and databases.

In addition, APIs are used for programming graphical user interface (GUI) components. A good API makes it easier for the developer to put all blocks together by providing all the building blocks.

The API layer contains the business logic of an application where the user’s interaction with services, data, and functions of the app is determined.

API Testing API-Architecture-image

Since the API or service layer is in direct touch with both data and presentation layer it occupies a fixed space for continuous testing for QA and Developmental teams.

Applications have three layers:

  1. Data layer
  2. Service (API) layer
  3. Presentation (UI) layer

What is API Testing?

Today, APIs are considered the epicenter of software development, connecting and transferring data and logic across disparate systems and applications. And testing them greatly improves the efficiency of the testing strategy as a whole, delivering faster software.

API Testing
API Testing

While traditional testing mainly focuses on the UI (User Interface), still has many advantages to offer in API Testing. API Testing consists of making requests to single or sometimes multiple API endpoints and validate the response for performance, security, functional correctness or status check whereas UI Testing focuses on validating the look and feel of the web interface.

Also, API Testing lays greater emphasis on business logic, data responses, and security and performance bottlenecks.

Various Types of API Testing

The testing world is filled with misnomers, and a simple and easy way for “unit test” and APIs is testing a single endpoint with a single request, looking for a single response.

Most of the time “Unit Test” is performed manually via command lines like the “cURL” command or with lightweight tools like SoapUI.

Integration testing is the most common form of API testing because APIs stay at the center of integration.

End-to-End testing can help us validate the flow of data and
information between a few different API connections.

Earlier load testing was difficult to execute in a CI/CD environment and was performed by very few. LoadUI Pro is a performance testing tool for RESTful, SOAP, and other web services that enable nearly any team member to embed performance tests into their CI/CD pipeline.

Why API testing is required?

As the changes in software happen at a rapid pace, it becomes important to have tests that provide faster feedback for developers and testers. The major benefit of API testing is flexible access to the application without any user interface.

Testing the core, code-level functionality of the application provides an early evaluation of its overall build strength before running the GUI tests.

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Various API Testing Tools

Top-15-Best-API-Testing-Tools

 

Let’s check the list of top API Testing Tools/ Their features, which simplifies the development process:

JMeter

JMeter was created for load testing, and many developers use it for functional API testing. This is a simple yet powerful API testing tool for automated testing where developers can perform performance testing of RESTFul services with the use of JMeter scripting.

Jmeter Tool
JMeter – one of API Testing Tools

Key Features:

  • It can use different languages like Java, JavaScript, and PHP.
  • It is designed to test web applications, as well as it has expanded its base to other test functions.
  • JMeter includes all the functionality you need to test an API, plus some extra features that can enhance your API testing efforts.
  • It also integrates with Jenkins, which means you can include your API tests in your CI pipelines.

Postman

Postman is an open-source, easy-to-install API testing tool. Postman is a good option for exploratory-type API testing and it’s powerful enough to create more integrated solutions as per the need.

API Best tools

Key features:

  • Writing and running tests for every request using JavaScript.
  • During testing API in Postman, the developer gets to choose required HTTP methods like GET, PUT, POST, etc.
  • Store associated endpoints into a collection.

REST

It is the main tool for API Testing. When using Java, REST-Assured is the best choice for API automation. Rest Assured library is a tailor-made API tool for Java domains using people to test and validate REST Services.

RestApi
REST API

REST-Assured is a fluent Java library used to test HTTP-based REST services. It’s designed with testing in mind, and it integrates with any existing Java-based automation framework.

Key Features:

  • The REST-Assured API was created so that one doesn’t necessarily need to be an HTTP expert.
  • It provides a behavior-driven development (BDD)-like, domain-specific language that makes creating API testing so simple.
  • It also has a bunch of baked-in functionalities, which means one doesn’t have to code things from scratch.

Testing and validating REST services is harder in Java than in other dynamic languages such as Ruby and Groovy, lending simplicity to developers to choose REST-Assured for API Testing.

Soap UI

Soap UI is a free, open-source tool used for web services.

Soap Ui

Key Features:

  • SoapUI is a major API testing tool used to test web services.
  • It is commonly used for SOA ( Service Oriented Architecture) Testing.
  • It is sufficient to check both SOAP Web services as well as RESTful Web Services.

Karate 

Karate is an open-source API test-automation tool that can script calls to HTTP end-points and assert JSON or XML responses as expected.

Karate API Testing Tool

Key Features:

  • API tests are written using BDD Gherkin syntax. But unlike most BDD frameworks (Cucumber, JBehave, SpecFlow), you don’t need to write step definitions.
  • It is easy to use since no Java knowledge is required if you are a novice to programming its a great blessing.

Fiddler

Fiddler allows the developer to monitor, manipulate, and reuse HTTP requests.

fiddler

Key Features:

  • It helps you debug web applications by capturing network traffic between the Internet and test computers.
  • It enables you to inspect incoming and outgoing data to monitor and modify requests and responses before the browser receives them.

Citrus

Citrus is an open-source tool that can help to automate integration tests for any messaging protocol or data format.

Citrus-API-Testing-ToolsCitrus

Key Features:

  • Works with REST, SOAP, HTTP, JMS, TCP/IP, and other.
  • Creates tests using Java or XML.
  • If you plan testing headless technologies beyond REST services, Citrus is the tool for you.
  •  It’s made to handle any headless protocol, giving you an excellent solution for all your non-UI testing needs.
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Powershell

Powershell is super-efficient at automating many things from the command line.

Microsofts’s Powershell

Key Features:

  • It requires only one line of code to import web services description language.
  • It is a factory installed on all windows machines.
  • It is easy to learn and very fast as it runs from the command line without any UI overhead.

Insomnia

It’s a free and easy-to-use tool possessing a visually attractive interface.

Insomnia pai tool image
Insomnia API Tool

Major benefits of Insomnia are:

  • It allows creating HTTP requests
  • It allows viewing response details
  • It organizes your tests
  • It reuses values
  • It generates code snippets

Taurus

Taurus is an automation-friendly framework for continuous testing. Also, one can use it with JMeter.

The power of Taurus is that it allows the developer to write their tests in YAML. One can actually describe a full-blown script in about 10 lines of text, which provides the developer the ability to describe their tests in a YAML or JSON file.

API Tool Taurus
Taurus

Key features:

  • Taurus allows more members to contribute to AI testing. Since test cases are written in YAML, the tests in Taurus are much more readable which makes it easier to perform code reviews on.
  • Taurus fits performance testing in your CI/CD pipeline more efficiently.
  • Taurus provides a sort of abstraction layer on top of JMeter.

Taurus is great to use when the developer wants to take a more BDD-testing approach to their API testing efforts and using YAML files provides clear, easy-to-read tests.

Katalon

Katalon Studio is considered the best automation testing tools for Web, API, and Mobile. It is often viewed as one of the best emerging testing tools.

Katlon Tools in API

Key features:

  • End-to-end testing solution for testers and developers
  • Supports all kinds of SOAP, REST requests
  • Works with a framework such as BDD Cucumber. It’s a testing approach in which the written test cases are in natural languages helps the conveyance between business stakeholders and technical human resources.
  • Built-in integrations with Jenkins, JIRA, Slack, Docker, and qTest
  • Efficiently utilize Katalon UI/UX features like searching, drag & drop, built-in keywords, and selecting test cases

TestNG

TestNG is inspired from JUnit and NUnit for Java language. The best feature of TestNG is to provide easy to use functionalities and fulfill all types of testing requirements like unit, integration, functional testing etc.

API tools
TestNg

Key Features:

  • If TestNG is used with Selenium, one can create a prompt report where we c get to know how many test cases were unsuccessful, progressed, and bounced.
  • Easily integrate with DevOps tools like Maven, Jenkins, Docker, etc.
  • Create data-driven tests using TestNG.

Swagger

Swagger tools are both open source and pro and are helping millions of developers & testers to deliver great API.

API Swagger Framework
Swagger is one of the world’s most popular API testing tools

Key Features:

  • Inspector is easy to design, document and test API through swagger.
  • One can test APIs on the cloud.
  • Support all types of services like REST, SOAP.
  • SwaggerHub is the platform where one can design and document with OpenAPI.

Tricentis

Tricentis Tosca is a customized continuous testing tool for DevOps platforms as some of the leading tools failed to meet in the DevOps environments.

Tricentis Tosca
Tricentis Tosca

Key Features:

  • A beginner also can understand the Tosca tool and can instantly create advance API tests from a business perspective and then integrate them into throughout all scenarios.
  • Tricentis Tosca is suitable for continuous testing & automation test for mobile-based, web-based, UI, SAP, etc.

Apiary

Apiary is a complete API platform where we can design, build, develop, and document API.

API Tools

Key Features:

  • It provides a framework to develop, test, and implement production-ready API, faster.
  • To create an API, we need to define a schema for input and the output whereas, in Apiary API can be designed with mocked input and output.

This mocked API meet application specifications without any change in coding, while data can be integrated and tested.

Mulesoft

Mulesoft aka AnyPoint API Manager, is a platform where developers can build, design, manage, and publish APIs.

best API Tool
Mulersoft

Key Features:

  • It offers organizations to integrate with popular cloud services such as Salesforce, SAP, and many more.
  • The AnyPoint platform uses Mule as a run time engine.
  • API Manager assures each API is secure and in simple terms is full lifecycle API management.

Apigee

Apigee by Google Cloud enables API managers to design, secure, publish, analyze, monitor, and monetize APIs.

API Testing framework

Key Features:

  • It can be operated in a hybrid-cloud environment to perform digital acceleration.
  • Apigee edge creates API proxies, using these; one can get real analytics data.
  • Proxies created by Apigee edge manages security and authentication to give better services.

Conclusion

  1. Each organization has different requirements and they deploy different tools as per the requirement of that project.
  2. There is no such thing as the perfect tool.
  3. All API test tools work superbly well and are great options, depending on your team’s requirements.
  4. The role of APIs is extremely important if analyzed from software development and business angle.
  5. These machine-readable interfaces for resource exchange are delivery services that work under the hood and enable the needed technological connection.
  6. There is the same functionality accessible in all API tools, but the approach for each tool differs. The best way to experience their complete features is to give it a try to see what is best suitable for your business requirement. 

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FAQs

  1. Is API testing in demand?

    Upsurge in the technological advancements in software development technologies has enabled growth in demand for API testing. Rising complexities in the information technology sectors have induced growth in the demand for API testing.

  2. Does API testing require coding?

    Automated testing requires you to use a testing tool, like SoapUI, while manual testing consists of writing your own code to test the API. API testing is one of the areas where automated testing is highly recommended, particularly in the world of DevOps, agile development, and continuous delivery cycles.

  3. Which is better API or selenium?

    Another advantage is that API tests are more easily set up as performance tests: running the API tests on 100 machines with 100 calls per second is much easier than doing the same thing with Selenium tests. Concluding: in my opinion having three levels of automated tests has a lot of advantages.

  4. Is API coding hard?

    Learning and using APIs can be difficult for reasons stemming from the very nature of software. For example, due to its high ductility, software can evolve quickly, which means that APIs can rapidly become outdated.

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